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Battery Technology for the Future

Table of contentsBattery TechnologyElectric Cars ys gos cors- Which One is better?Know Better Solid State BatteryWhat is Inside a Solid State BatteryDoes a Graphene Battery Really Exist?Statement46

gap between thatates under the rulethomacro worldve seeenges in battery desige physIcoexpansion of lithium electrodes as they chargeResearchers at Purdue University made use of antimony nanochain' electrodesast year to enable this material to replace graphite or carbon-mecomposite electrodeBy structs metalloid element in thempty porese battery appears to charge rapidly and showed no deterioration over tCarbon nanostructures also show great promiseGraphene is one of the most exciting of theseGraphene is made up of a single atomic thickness sheet of graphite, and its matelas very interesting electrical properties, beingthin semiconductor with high carrier mobility, meaning that electrons aretransmittedalong it rapidy in the presence of ad ast is also thermally conductive ond has exceptional mechanical strength

aboutGrabat, a Spanish nanotechnology company are pursuing graphene polymercathodesmetallic lithium anodeshighly potent combinationelectrolyte can adequately protect the metallic anode and prevent dends botteto be lighter ond more robust than ct techwhile charging and discharging faster and with greater energy capacitSamsung have patented a technology they call grap

hichd with graphene sheetthathese are used as the cathode as well as being applied in a protective layer onhe anodehe researchers found increases in the volumetric density of o full cell of 27

6%compared to an uncoated equivalent and the experimental cell retains almos80% capacity after 5Additionally, charging is accelerated and temperature controlNano Grof, meanwhile, are using graphene sheets to produce carbon-siliconbatteries to increase stored energy by 30%he silicon nanowires are attached to a thor depositill-to-roll production process -helping keepdownThehat these finger-like projections ore porous on a micro andacro scale, allowing them to swell freely without significant expansion of thewhole electrodeust os trees swell with leaves in soring but the forest remains the same sizeSome internet sleuths concluded that the company was recently acquired byesla because Amprius recently moved their headquarters right next to aTesla facility, but Elon Musk debunked these claims on twittere University of C200,000 cycles using goldes ond molese dioxide with a polymergel electrolyte and many other research efforts are ongoing with other diversemateOne thing that seems to be sure though is that as soon as it's possible to

s produces is a huge improvement: a lithium sulphur battery could be up to sed a half times lighter than its current equivalentRight now, lithium sulphur batteries are nowhere near their theoreticalbut the aLIse, a pan-European collaboration are working towards attaining astable automotive battery of 500 wh/kg based os technologyn cheaper thbalmanganese it would replace, and can be extracted as a by-product offinemented from abundant natural depositsum ion batteries are made up of an anode and cathode betweewhich a liquid electrolyte allows dissolved lithium ions to travelthrum sulphur batteries are constructed similarly, except that the activethe cathode is sulphur, while the anode remains lithium basedResearchers are facing a few challenge:ging this technology to marketFirstly, sulphur is a poor conductor of electricity

ypically the sulphur atoms are embedded within the matrix of carbon atomsgraohite, an excellent electrical conductobot arrangement is vulnerable to a process known as shuttling, which cousesle also corroding metalanodes, reducing capacity as the battery is cycledNext and most sigodes physically swell up as lithium ionsbond to themwithum sulphur than existchemistries theulphur cathode expanding and contracting by as much as 78% as the battery

dbatteriess might be expected from this kind of repeatedpolymer or carbosed supports and bindomendisintegrate asycles reducing capacity and performanceOne approach to solving this is to bind the cathodes with different polymersand to reduce there thickness so that the absolute chonge in dimension is notMoum-based batteries also must dealdendritic growth, thin fingersof metol which grow away from the surface and can eventually reao the cathode, creating a short circuit and rapid dischargection which has caused litlbattery firese past, so research for coping with this effect can be carrieto lithium sulphur techother nanostructures to oct os scoffolde deposition of lithiumSolid state electrolytes could also offer solutions to these issuesthium sulphur batteries are not just ivory tower ideasAirbus deferd Space flew a 350 Wh/kg battAltitude pseudo satellitResearchers at Monash university in Austrannounced in 2020 that thanticipate having a product ready for commercialization in 2-4 years whichCouto pde electric cors with a 621 mile rangeAdditionally battery safety improves in vehicle crashes, and becomes moreesistont to overheating and short circuiting, in part due to physical blockingof the dendritic groof lithium and other electrode materialscurrently plague lithium batteriesApart from its theoretical promise, we can be confiderdstate batteries powering us along the road in the near future because14

diveyoto, BMW, and Hyundg in the technologyor example, puo Quantum Scape, a StanfordniversQuontumScoas been holdingcards close tovest as the websiteoffers no information on their product, only a long list of new job openingsying company expansion and confidence in theit is notable that they holds on sulphide-based liand seem to be interested intered ceramic fimpregnated garnetOne of the difficulties in solid state electrolyte design is dealing with theexpansion of electrodes which is more difficult to manage in solid materialsA solid electrolyte mustufficiently flexible to permit this, yet also tougenough to resist dendrite penetrationQuantum Scape hold o patent for Composite Electrolytes' to allow them toustomize and adjust the ohysoperties of their electrolytes for std in moy 2020 dhbosed odcar a 500 mile range and survive over 1000 charging cyclesbably good news for your phone and laptop too given their currentcommercial interestsIt may be just a matter of time before solid state electrolytes are in your pockwo carbon electrodes and a non-toxic electrolyte: what's not to like? PJPEyehave developed thih thNational Kyushu UniversityCambr ian batteries to an electric bicycle company, Maruishi Cycle

hese are single corbon electrode batterd details of their exacte hard to find but thefully dbon battery with two carbon electrodes, eventually to be manufacturedatural, agriculturally gUCtSte achperformance similar to graphene based batteriesAlthougbatteries have a lower specific energy and loweenergy density than lithium ion-meaning that their batteries are both heavierand bulkier than their equivalents-they boost higheor the same mass of battery as a lithium ion based alternative, it's possible toextract the energy much fasteslating into faster vehicle accelerationsaddition to this

unlike lithium-ion these corbon-based batteries coldischarged fullye maker claims that this changes the equation for actual usablergydensity, boasting a 40% improvement in range over lithium ion batteriesthat the battery runs cool and does not require the heay9 systeectric vehiclesncept battery degraded only 10% after 8000ey plon to graduatly upsolume applIehdevices and satellites, towards mass market aerospace and automotiveustomers with a battery made from carbonized cotton fibers rather thanexotic toxic metalWith fast charging and exceptionally low battery degradation over thousandof charging cycles, maybe these will provide long term, sustainablor commercial vehicledecadesSo much diverse research is underway in battery technology thatalmostmpossible just to pick five selection

Quadbout bbattechnology as well as and uses for these machines are mostly held back bycurrent battery life limitationsConsumers, technology companies and industry are all clamouring forghter, more energy dense solutions-and concern is also mounting worldwideot the environmentalgrowing demand fort

eriesWith all of these exciting new battery technologies on the horizon, it's clearhe futurest step to prepare for the coming electric revolution is to learn thefundamentals of electricity and magnetisto bite sized pieces with fun and challenging interactive exploration 9 it downoes a great job of taking complicateMaster concepts, anddge so youduition to better understand how the world is changingve taken brilliant courses on electricity magnetism and solar energy, andpressed with how well they structureessonsanalogies, examples, and quizzes to test your knowledgekfoundthrough the courseant offers a wide range of othopics from mathematicadamentals to quantitative finance, from scientific thinking to specialy, from programmingpython to ma

rankly Speakinggining new technologies is easy, figuring out how to bring them into thea world is much hordeyoure trying to design sog futuristic, challenge ae, you re waitingthe materials available to catch up with your ideaBut there are some exciting solutions that con hels to reek like in the futureoor logic makes a solid-state battery, the battery in your phone is also lithiumBut it uses the liquid to move energy arounds means they get hot, theyre moreble andexplodeRemember the note seven solid-state batteries, you solid electrodes andere ore a fasons why we think solid-state batteries are gonna be tinext big thingWell they re much smaller and cheaper than current liquid based batteriesey can potentially charge foster or lost longer and just have better overallerformanceaveort lifesd the constant charging anddischarging slowly erodes their performanceSolid-state batteries are pave life cycle

o to three years that we re gettibatteries today, there arecategories of solid-state batteries each ofWhich uses a different material for the electrolyte as we re still dealing with antechnolResearchers are still coming to grips with what type of solid-state electrolyte isbest used for different product categoriesPro-law geom uses fl cb this is the only lithium chemical battery that adopts aflexible printed circus makes it suitable for wearables or anything else that requires flexibilitySince it can be cut while charging it, makes it safe for people to wearResearchers released another video of their batteryo cuolf ondcharging a phone for 24 hourse more battery you cut away the lower the battery s capacitythis technoloay to find ot ht seemed very simple, the wearable market was going to grow ande have yet to see pro-Low gm appear in mastratingly the area oflectronics is the one component that has yet tosee a significant improvement processorsnd foreign

And the improverto daily battery life come primarily from the cpu anddisplay improving their power consumption not from the battery itselfere hoping that this will be the year that solid-state batteries finally find aome in wearableBut theyre not the only gtown and maybe thats whcaught oCells are the electric-vehicle battery of choice in japarw countries in the world that are all in our hydrogen poand joMeanwhile aqua batteries blue battery stores electricity using only water andoble salty new wayg to be the base of a battery thatds of times ththepended and electrolyte gel to avoid snapping while chargingCopper foam substrate is another version of the solid-state battery thoe allows for o more efficient ond less thon linear transfeenergy over the air charging is also possibleeam it uses ultrasound tosmit electricpower is turned into sound

ds and then transmitted and converted backUpon reaching the device but graphene is trulyhose technologies toget excited aboIt's 200 times stronger than steel, it's the thinnest material on earth, it'sextremely conductive transparent, and it's even won a nobel prizeamsung in november 2017 revealed that it had developed the technologyhly boost its better capacity by 45% an increased chargineir goal is to have a graphene based power unit charge in only 12 mWeve actually tested out a graphene battery pack, it went froro to fivethousand milliamperes in only twelve point five minutesGraty to be transptohGraphene has the potential to change the way speakers are madeThey contend seawater into drinking water revolutionizedStem-cell research changed low-light photography, prevent building collapseto stureso show structdefectd electric vehicles arent discounting th

batterent going anywhere, theyre gonna bebound in our smartphone, laptop for at least the next five yearsBut the key to new form factors is being able to power them from new sourcesere gonna be tracking battery technology quite closely

Because we see it as an integral part of how we change o

Futuristic Battery T echnologyatteries are everywhere in todays hyper connected electrically propelledsoclebet a battery is powering the device you're watching this video on right nowDo you have low battery stotuWhat if you didn't have to charge your phone againnother month?oday pretty much every electric vehicle utilizesorticle batteriesTo add insult to injury, the energy density of decomposed organismsdensity of the batteries used in most electric6 kilogram of gasoline contains about 48 megojoule's of energy, and lithium iorbout 3What's more, lithium batteries degrade with each charging cycle, graduallyty over the batterys lifetime Researchers often compare batteriesr of full cycles until the battery has only 80% of its original energycapacityAs indicated by Elon Musodules orry restricting2019d theModel 3 drive unit is evaluated for 1however the batteryst g300

000-500000 miles or around 1500e energy density and lifetimeovements to batteries appear to be themost crucial issues, there are environmental and geopolitical problemsSSoentm ion batteries we equally, if no

f tomorrowdustddftecompetingtias that use child labolMuch is illegally exported and directly funds armed conflidditionally the camps often create conditions which drive deforestation andan array of human rights abuseso deal with the anticipated interest blast for electric vehicles throughout theext few decades

we'll need to create better botterieWe mdeelectutureMany questions were answered after Tesla's long awaited battery day tookace on September The Palo Alto automaker announced a larger The kingsized cells make use of an improved design that eliminates the tabs normallythium lon batteries that transfer the cell's energy to on externalourceaser powdered them, and enabled dozens of connections into the activehrough this shinglehis more efficient cell design alleviatesesla also introduced high-nickel cathodes that eliminate the need for coband improved silicon battery chemistry in which they stabilize the surface witielastic ion-conducting polymer coating that allows for a higher percentageof cheap commodified silicon to be used in cell manufactureAll together theseges create an expected and the new 4680 cells expeto achieve a increase in range, and a 6 time increase in powslohe imoroved cell deeductionper year by 2030, and help scale tworld's transition to ubiquitous long distance electric vehicle

ent battery day the world's attention is nowe following video, we'e goingRbapacks would probably be closer to 1000 Wh/kg initially, but ths still three to five times higher than lithium ion batteries can achieveAs usual, this technology is not without its drawbacks

Current electrodes oum air batteries tend to clog withum solts ofteonly a few tens of cycles- most researchers are using porous forms of carbono transmit air to the liquid electrolytesding pure oxygen to the batteretyResearchers at the University of llinois found that they could prevent thclogging by using molybdenum disulphide nanoflakes to catalyze theormation of a thin coating of lithium peroxide Li2o2)on the electrodesTheir test battery ran for an equivalent with uncoated electrodes While thn't enough lifetime for a car, it's a promising hint of things to comeey believe that once their research ces optimized, they should beat around high power requirements of takeoffBut they too are stow battery lifeor them, the solutions will boil down to improvements in the electrolyteNanomaterials make use of particles and structures 1-100 nanometers ThemagIcot they behave in unusual ways becouse this small s